I am now accessing as a :

Government Of Assam Guwahati Development Department Guwahati Municipal Corporation

Flood-Free Guwahati

Guwahati City is the capital city of Assam and gateway of entire North-East. The city is affected by the flash flood and heavy rainfall during the summer. The rain water coming from the Meghalaya and surrounding hills caused major devastation of the roads and drains, heavy siltation and tremendous problem of water logging. Some of the areas of the city used to be inundated and those areas under the flash flood water for several days in 3 to 4 waves damaging the existing infrastructure including the govt and public properties. The city of Guwahati experiences recurrent flood inundation and severe water logging in the occurrence of storm events and particularly during the rainy season, it has become a public grievance.

Rapid urbanization with increased housing and construction activities in the city leading to increased in number of buildings, streets and other impervious hard surfaces, and more importantly the decrease in the number of inland wetland pockets and clogging of drainage systems has led to indiscriminate flooding. This has resulted in decreasing land capacity to soak up and carry excess storm water.

Moreover, the unplanned expansion of the city to accumulate increasing population has lead to severe encroachment in the wetlands, low lying areas, hills and shrinkage of forest cover .These denuded hills and loss of wetlands thus lead to artificial floods and water logging. Immediately after every down pour the city drains gets filled up with silts coming with storm water running down the hills results on flooding the streets, house etc. The wetlands also cannot retain the excess storm water of the city. Urban Flooding Scenario of Guwahati has drastically undergone incipient flooding and inundation pattern in the last decade. The rapidly developing metropolitan environment has indiscriminately changed the large vacant lands, natural drainage controls, etc. Some of the roads have no road side drains and some have inadequate gradient and storm discharge conveyance.

To mitigate the urban artificial flood in Guwahati a mission has been launched with the name “Mission Flood Free Guwahati” with all the allied departments and stakeholders. These departments work in coordination to mitigate the urban flood and to devise mechanism thereof. Four Departments are mainly responsible for mitigation of Urban Flash Flood in Guwahati City:

Guwahati Municipal Corporation

  • De-siltation of the five major channels namely Bharalu, Mora Bharalu, Basistha, Bahini and Lakhimijan to accomplish and maintain the delineated cross-section and long section
  • Maintenance of existing feeder drains (i.e. cleaning, garbage removal and de-siltation and eviction of blockages on the feeder drains
  • Construction of new drains, roads with side drains and culverts for ensuring flow connectivity upto outfall to primary/ natural drainage channels
  • Regulation and enforcement of the pre-requisite for having rainwater structures in newly constructed buildings as per Building Bye-laws
  • Procurement of de-silting machineries for urban flood mitigation
  • Dredging and de-siltation of All city drains
  • Maintenance, placement and operations of pumps
  • Construction of drains and roads, etc
  • Procurement of auto-mounted and trolley-mounted dewatering pumps

Water Resources Department

  • Maintenance, construction and operation of Sluice Gates, Pumps at the confluence of feeder drains on primary/ natural drainage channels
  • Procurement of dewatering pumps

Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority

  • De-siltation of water bodies, construction of drain, pump house, etc
  • Development of water bodies in and around Guwahati city to increase the retention capacity
  • Construction of alternate storm water away from the city to effectively minimize water logging
  • Installation of Automatic Weather Stations around Guwahati City
  • Procurement and installation of 20 Auto priming MF pumps to draw water from vulnerable inundated areas of Guwahati city

Public Works Department

  • Construction of Roads, Drains, Guard Wall etc
  • Management and maintenance of silt traps and trash screens
  • Construction and maintenance of storm water drain along NH 37 byepass
  • Construction and maintenance of storm water drainage network
  • Management and maintenance of silt pits and garbage traps on the feeder drains
SOP for Mitigation of Urban Flood.docx156.14 KBswf-image